Why Haven’t Human Rights Arrived in Uganda?

The flag of Uganda

Colonial History—

  • The first Europeans to visit Uganda were British explorers named John Hanning Speke and James Grant, who were searching for the source of the Nile River, in 1862
  • —Soon both Protestant and Roman Catholic missionaries were working in Buganda (a subnational kingdom in Uganda)
  • —Within a decade, the small group they had created caused a civil war
  • —Once it was isolated, the region had become a major object of the European nations’ scramble for African territory
  • After securing German recognition of its rights, Britain moved to secure Buganda
  • —Frederick Lugard from the British East Africa Company, ended the civil disturbances
  • His successors used the Bugdandan army to help conquer the other kingdoms and tribes
  • —By 1896, a British protectorate administration had extened its authority over most of the reign
  • The name Uganda was adopted

A Ugandan village


Uganda Becomes an Independent Country

  • —Britain ruled Uganda for almost 70 years
  • —Britain took over and took away their kingdoms, and tribes
  • —This worked fairly well until the independence movements of the 1960’s
  • —Buganda didn’t want to be part of Uganda any longer


Milton Obote became Prime minister

  • —Federal consitution was published in April 1962
  • —The Uganda People’s Congress won the elections the Milton Obote became Prime Minister
  • —They gained independence in October 1962
  • —In May, 1966, Milton Obote Sent an army to Buganda, and drove the Kabaka in to exile

Milton Obote


President Idi Amin

  • —In 1971 Idi Amin seized power in a military coup
  • —He ruled for 8 years
  • —This was a period of massive human rights violations, economic decline, social disintagration,
  • —Most infrastructure for basic services was destroyed
  • —Amin develpoed a powerfull army
  • —He murdered his political opponunts
  • —And he ordered the killing for an estimated 300,000 people
  • —In 1979, Uganda went bankrupt
  • —They got massive loans from Arab states, who liked Amin
  • —Uganda went to war with Tanzania in late 1978
  • —Tanzanian foces allied themselves with Ugandan rebels, and drove Amin out of the country in early 1979

Idi Amin


President Obote

  • —In 1980, Obote became the president of Uganda
  • —Uganda had changed radically since he had been the president
  • —The nation had suffered prolonged economic disaster
  • —There were few jobs, excessive crime, a famine in the north, and no effective government in the countryside
  • —In 1982, anti-government guerillas became active, and bloody group feuds flourished
  • —Thousands of young men were arrested, suspected of being guerillas
  • —Obote’s management became as murderous and powerful as Amin’s
  • —More then 100,000 Ugandans were killed or starved to death over the next 3 years

President Museveni

  • —In July 1984 an army lead by Yoweri Museveni overthrew the government and took over the county
  • —Involving all ethnic group and most of main political parties they largely succeeded in peace
  • —Only the northern border near Sudan remain not peaceful where they were still small rebel groups
  • —They then begin to rebuilt the county with help from many other counties
  • —In 1996 Museveni was reelected and is still in power today

Yoweri Museveni


  • —Uganda doesn’t yet have human rights, because they have had a long history of civil war within their country
  • —The older leaders in Uganda still have some supporters
  • —They have only started to rebuild Uganda in the last 28  years
  • —In conclusion, they are working towards better human rights in Uganda, and it is getting better each year


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